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职称英语综合A阅读判断模拟题
职称英语综合A阅读判断模拟题
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职称英语综合A阅读判断模拟题

  为了大家更好地备考2017年职称英语考试,yjbys网为大家提供了2017年职称英语综合A的试题相应练习。以下是阅读判断专项模拟题,大家可以多加练习。   American Sports   The United States is a sports-loving nation. Sports in America take a variety of forms:organized competitive struggles, which draw huge crowds to cheer their favorite team to victory;athletic games, played for recreation anywhere sufficient space is found; and hunting and fishing.   Most sports are seasonal, so that what is happening in sports depends upon the time of year. Some sports are called spectator sports, as the number of spectators greatly exceeds the number playing in the game.   Baseball is the most popular sport in the US. It is played throughout the spring and summer,and professional baseball teams play well into the fall. Although no other game is exactly like baseball, perhaps the one most nearly like it is the English game of cricket.   Football is the most popular sport in the fall. The game originated as a college sport more than 75 years ago. It is still played by almost every college and university in the country, and the football stadiums of some of the largest universities seat as many as 80,000 people. The game is not the same as European football or soccer. In American football there are 11 players on each team,and they are dressed in padded uniforms and helmets because the game is rough and injuries are likely to occur.   Basketball is the winter sport in American schools and colleges. Like football, basketball originated in the US and is not popular in other countries. Many Americans prefer it to football because it is played indoors throughout the winter and because it is a faster game. It is a very popular game with high schools, and in more than 20 states, state-wide high school matches are held yearly.   Other spectator sports include wrestling, boxing, and horse racing. Although horse-racing fans call themselves sportsmen, the accuracy of the term is questionable, as only the jockeys who ride the horses in the races can be considered athletes. The so-called sportsmen are the spectators, who do "not assemble" primarily to see the horses race, but to bet upon the outcome of each race.   Gambling is the attraction of horse racing.   1.Hunting and fishing are mainly favored by men, young and old, in the US.   A. Right   B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned   2.Professional baseball teams can continue to play for a long period of time in the fall after the regular baseball seasons of spring and summer.   A. Right   B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned   3.Baseball shares many features with the English game of cricket.   A. Right   B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned   4.Football can be classified as a spectator sport.   A. Right   B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned   5.Many Americans like basketball better than football because the latter is so harsh that players have to wear special uniforms.   A. Right   B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned   6.Basketball in American is so popular with universities that nationwide university matches are held yearly.   A. Right   B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned   7.Horse-racing fans cannot be considered sportsmen because they are spectators whose primary interest is gambling.   A. Right   B. Wrong   C. Not mentioned    答案解析:   1.C。题干:打猎和钓鱼主要受到美国男人、年轻人和老人的喜爱。题干中的核心结构huntingand fishing和并列结构men,young and old可作为答案线索,可发现答案相关句为首段第二句,但并没有提到men,young and old,所以选择C。   2.A。题干:职业棒球队在春天和夏天的赛季之后还可以继续在秋天打很长时间的球。题干中的关键词Professional baseball teams和the regular baseball seasons of spring and summer可作为答案线索,发现答案相关句为第二段首句。该句句意与问题句一致,该题主要是考查well into the fall(一直到秋季末)结构的含义。   3.A。题干:棒球和英国的板球有很多共同之处。利用题干中的线索词baseball和cricket寻找答案相关句:可以发现第二段第二句为相关句。该句的句意为“与棒球运动最接近的就是英国的板球”,与题干的.句意一致,选择A。   4.A。题干:足球是一种观赏类体育项目。利用题干中的关键词football和spectator sport找到答案相关句:第一段最后一句。该题考查考生的推断能力:既然最大的足球体育馆能容纳80 000名观众,那么根据spectator sports(观赏性运动)的定义,足球应该是spectator sports。   5.B。题干:与橄榄球相比,许多美国人更喜欢篮球,因为橄榄球比较激烈而且还要穿特殊的服装。将题干中的关键词basketball和football作为答案线索找到答案相关句:在第四段,可知美国人喜欢篮球是因为在冬天也可以玩,而且是速度类项目。题干句的说法与该相关句的说法不一致,故选B。   6.A。题干:美国的篮球在大学很流行,全国的大学每年都举办比赛。利用题干中的关键词Basketball进行定位,发现相关内容在第四段最后一句,故答案为A。   7.A。题干:赛马迷们不被认为是运动员,因为他们是观众,而且首要兴趣是赌博。将题干中的horse.racing fans作为答案线索找到相关句:题干在文章末段。根据相关句群的句意(赛马比赛的吸引人之处是赌博,赛马迷只是对赌博感兴趣),可知题干的说法与这些相关句的说法一致,故选A。

职称英语综合类A词汇选项历年真题
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职称英语综合类A词汇选项历年真题

职称英语综合类A词汇选项历年真题精选   2017年职称英语考试复习已经开始,为了让大家更好地备考职称英语考试,下面网我为大家提供了职称英语历年考试真题及答案详解,以下是职称英语综合A词汇选项历年考试真题及答案。   职称英语历年真题《综合A》词汇选项真题精选题   词汇选项精选一:   1.Respect for life is a cardinal principle of the law.   A. fundamental   B. moral   C. regular   D. hard   2. The proposal was endorsed by the majority of members.   A. rejected   B. approved   C. submitted   D. considered   3.Many experts remain skeptical about his claims.   A. untouched   B. certain   C. silent   D. doubtful   4.This species has nearly died out because its habitat is being destroyed.   A. tumed dead   B. passed by   C. carried away   D. become extinct   5.The methods of communication used during the war were primitive.   A. reliable   B. effective   C. simple   D. alternative   6.Three world-class tennis players came to contend for this title.   A. argue   B. claim   C. wish   D. compete   7.Come out, or I'll burst the door down.   A. shut   B. beat   C. set   D. break   8. The rules are too rigid to allow for human error.   A. general   B. complex   C. inflexible   D. direct   9.The tower remains intact ever after two htmdred years.   A. unknown   B. undamaged   C. unusual   D. unstable   10. They didn't seem to appreciate the magnitude of the problem.   A. existence   B. cause   C. importance   D. situation   11. The contract between the two companies will expire soon.   A. shorten   B. start   C. end   D. resume   12. The drinking water has become contaminated with lead.   A. polluted   B. treated   C. tested   D. corrupted   13. She shed a few tears at her daughter's wedding.   A. produced   B. wiped   C. injected   D. removed   14. Rumors began to circulate about his financial problems.   A. send   B. hear   C. confirm   D. spread   15. The police will need to keep a wary eye on this area of town.   A. cautious   B. naked   C. blind   D. private   职称英语历年真题《综合A》词汇选项真题精选题二:   1.This was disaster on a cosmic scale.   A. modest   B. commercial   C. huge   D. national   2.New secretaries came and went with monotonous regularity.   A. amazing   B. depressing   C. predictable   D. dull   3.A person's wealth is often in inverse proportion to their happiness.   A. equal   B. certain   C. large   D. opposite   4.His professional career spanned 16 years.   A. started   B. changed   C. lasted   D. moved   5.The symptoms of the disease manifested themselves ten days later.   A. eased   B. improved   C. relieved   D. appeared   6.The group does not advocate the use of violence.   A. limit   B. support   C. regulate   D. oppose   7.She felt that she had done her good deed for the day.   A. act   B. homework   C. justice   D. model   8. Some of the larger birds can remain stationary in the air for several minutes.   A. motionless   B. silent   C. seated   D. true   9.There was an inclination to treat geography as a less important subject.   A. point   B. result   C. finding   D. tendency   10. His stomach felt hollow with fear.   A. sincere   B. respectful   C. empty   D. terrible   11. The committee was asked to render a report on the housing situation.   A. copy   B. publish   C. summarize   D. furnish   12. That uniform makes the guards look absurd.   A. serious   B. beautiful   C. impressive   D. ridiculous   13. The department deferred the decision for six months.   A. put off   B. arrived at   C. abided by   D. protested against   14. The original experiment cannot be exactly duplicated.   A. invented   B. reproduced   C. designed   D. reported   15. The country was tom apart by strife.   A.conflict   B. poverty   C. war   D. economy    参考答案:   词汇选项精选题一:   1.A。考查形容词。题干:尊重生命是法律的一个基本的原则。划线词cardinal意为“基本的,主要的”。选项fundamental意为“主要的,基本的”,moral意为“道德的,精神的”,regular意为“定期的,有规律的”,hard意为“硬的,艰难的”。cardinal与fundamental同义,故正确答案为A。   2.B。考查动词。题干:提案得到了多数成员的认可。划线词endorse意为“签署,赞同,认可”。选项reject意为“拒绝,排斥”,approve意为“批准,赞成”,submit意为“使服从,提交”,consider意为“考虑,认为”。endorse与approve在语义上接近,所以正确答案为B。   3.D。考查形容词。题干:许多专家对他的说法仍表示怀疑。划线词skeptical意为“怀疑的”。选项untouched意为“未受影响的,未改变的”,certain意为“必然的,无疑的,确定的”,silent意为“沉默的,寂静的”,doubtful意为“怀疑的,不确定的”。skeptical与doubtful同义,故正确答案为D。   4.D。考查动词短语。题干:这个物种几乎快灭绝了,因为它的栖息地正在被破坏。划线词die out意为“灭绝,消失”。选项turn dead意为“死的,变成死的”,pass by意为“经过,逝去”,carry away意为“运走,带走”,become extinct意为“灭绝,绝种”。die out与become extinct同义,故答案为D。   15.C。考查形容词。题干:战争期间所用的通信方法都是很简单的。划线词primitive意为“原始的,简单的,粗糙的”。选项reliable意为“可靠的,可信赖的”,effective意为“有效的,起作用的”,simple意为“简单的”,alternative意为“选择性的,交替的”。primitive与simple同义,故正确答案为C。   6.D。考查动词。题干:三名世界级网球选手来争夺这个冠军。划线词contend意为“竞争,斗争”。选项argue意为“争论,辩论”,claim意为“要求,声称”,wish意为“希望”,compete意为“竞争,比赛,对抗”。contend与compete为近义词,所以答案为D。   7.D。考查短语。题干:快出来,否则我就破门而入了。题干划线词burst down意为“损毁,破裂”。选项shut down意为“停工,关闭”,beat down意为“打倒,杀价”,setdown意为“放下,记下”,break down意为“分解,发生故障,毁掉”。burst down在语义上与break down比较接近,故正确答案为D。   8.C。考查形容词。题干:这些规则太死板,没有考虑到人为的错误。划线词rigid意为“严格的,死板的”。选项9eneral意为“一般的,普通的”,complex意为“复杂的”,inflexible意为“不灵活的,顽固的”,direct意为“直接的.”。rigid在语义上与inflexible比较接近,故正确答案为C。   9.B。考查形容词。题干:这座塔在两百年后依然保持完好无损。划线词intact意为“完整的,原封不动的,未受损害的”。选项unknown意为“未知的,陌生的”,undamaged意为“未受损坏的”,unusual意为“不寻常的”,unstable意为“不稳定的”。intact与undamaged在语义上一致,故正确答案为B。   10.C。考查名词。题干:他们好像没意识到该问题的重要性。划线词magnitude意为“重要,大小,强度”。选项existence意为“存在”,cause意为“原因,起因”,importance意为“重要,重大”,situation意为“情况,形式”。magnitude与importance在语义上接近,故答案为C。   11.C。考查动词。题干:两公司之间的合同将很快期满。划线词expire意为“终止,期满”。选项shorten意为“缩短,减少”,start意为“开始,发动”,end意为“终结,结束,终止”,resume意为“恢复,重新开始,继续”。expire与end在语义上一致,故C为正确答案。   12.A。考查动词。题干:饮用水已经受到铅的污染了。划线词contaminated意为“污染的”。选项polluted意为“受污染的”,treated意为“治疗的,处理的”,tested意为“被检测的,经过检验的”,corrupted意为“的,毁坏的”。contaminated与polluted为同义词,所以正确答案为A。   13.A。考查动词。题干:她在女儿的婚礼上流泪了。划线词“shed”意为“流出,脱落”,选项produce意为“产生,生产”,wipe意为“抹去,擦除”,inject意为“注射,注入”,remove意为“消除,移动,消除”。shed tears意为“流泪”,与produce在语义上比较接近,所以答案为A。   14.D。考查动词。题干:关于他财务问题的谣言开始传播。划线词circulate意为“传播,流传”。选项send意为“发送,寄”,hear意为“听到,听说”,confirm意为“确认,确定”,spread意为“传播,流传,散步”。circulate与spread为同义词,所以答案为D。   15.A。考查形容词。题干:警察需要对城镇的这一带保持警觉。划线词wary意为“谨慎的,机警的”。选项cautious意为“谨慎的,小心的”,naked意为“裸体的,无装饰的,无证据的”,blind意为“盲目的,瞎的”,private意为“私人的,私有的”。wary与cautious在语义上比较接近,故答案为A。   词汇选项精选题二:   1.C。本题考查形容词。题干:这是一场极大规模的灾难。划线词cosmic的意思是“宇宙的,极为广阔的”,四个选项中modest意为“谦虚的”,commercial意为“商业的”,huge意为“巨大的”,national意为“国家的”。划线词cosmic的意思与huge意思相近,故本题选C。   2.D。本题考查形容词。题干:新秘书以单调的规律性频繁更替着。划线单词monotonous的意思是“单调的,单一的”,四个选项中amazing意为“令人吃惊的”,depressing意为“沮丧的”,predictable意为“可预测的”,dull意为“单调的”。 monotonous的意思与dull含义相近,故本题答案为D。   3.D。本题考查形容词。题干:一个人的财富通常情况下与幸福程度成反比。划线单词inverse的意思是“相反的,逆向的”,四个选项中equal意为“相等的”,certain意为“肯定的”,large意为“大的”,opposite意为“相反的”。 inverse的意思与0pposite的含义相同,故本题选D。   4.C。本题考查动词。题干:他的职业生涯持续了16年。划线单词span可以做动词,也可以做名词,意思是“持续;跨度,横跨”,四个选项中start意为“开始”,change意为“改变”,last意为“持续”,move意为“移动”。span与last的语义比较相近,所以该题答案为C。   5.D。本题考查动词。题干:十天后,这种疾病的症状显现了出来。划线词manifest的意思是“显示,展示”,四个选项中ease意为“放松”,improve意为“改善”,relieve意为“减轻,缓解”,appear意为“显示,出现”。 manifest的意思与appear相近,因此本题答案为D。   6.B。本题考查动词。题干:该团体不提倡使用暴力。划线单词advocate的意思是“提倡,宣传”,四个选项中limit意为“限制”,support意为“支持”,regulate意为“管制,约束”,oppose意为“反对”。advocate与support的意思相近,与oppose的意思相反,故本题答案为B。   7.A。本题考查名词。题干:她觉得她那天做了一件好事。划线单词deed的意思是“行为,事件”,四个选项中act意为“行为”,homework意为“家庭作业”,justice意为“正义”,model意为“模式”。deed与act的意思相近,故选A。   8.A。本题考查形容词。题干:一些体型较大的鸟儿在空中能停留数分钟不动。划线单词stationary的意思是“静止的,不动的”,四个选项中motionless意为“静止不动的”,silent意为“安静的,寂静的”,seated意为“坐下的”,true意为“真实的”。stationary与motionless的含义相近,故选A。   9.D。本题考查名词。题干:将地理作为一个不太重要的学科来对待,这是一种趋势。划线单词inclination的意思是“倾向,趋势”,四个选项中point意为“点”,result意为“结果”,finding意为“找到,发现”,tendency意为“倾向,趋势”。inclination与tendency的含义相近,故本题答案为D。   10.c。本题考查形容词。题干:由于恐惧,他觉得胃部空空如也。划线词hollow的意思是“空的,中空的”,四个选项中sincere意为“诚挚的”,respectful意为“尊敬的,有礼貌的”,empty意为“空的”,terrible意为“恐怖的”。hollow与empty的意思相近,故该题答案为C。   11.D。本题考查动词。题干:该委员会被要求提交一份关于住房情况的报告。划线单词render的意思是“致使;提出,提供”,四个选项中copy意为“复制”,publish意为“出版,发行”,summarize意为“总结”,furnish意为“布置,提供”。render在这里取“提出,提供”之意,与furnish在本句中可以互换,所以本题答案为D。   12.D。本题考查形容词。题干:这套制服使得卫兵看上去十分可笑。划线单词absurd的意思是“荒谬的,可笑的”,四个选项中serious意为“严肃的,认真的”, beautiful意为“漂亮的,美丽的”,impressive意为“印象深刻的”,ridiculous意为“荒谬的”。absurd的意思与ridiculous的含义相同,所以答案为D。   13.A。本题考查动词短语。题干:这个部门将决议延迟了6个月。划线单词defer的意思是“延迟,推迟”,四个选项中put off意为“推迟,延期”,arrive at意为“达到”,abide by意为“遵守”,protest against意为“抗议”。 defer与put off含义相同,故选A。   14.B。本题考查动词。题干:最初始的实验室无法被精确复制。划线单词duplicate的意思是“复制”,四个选项中invent意为“发明,创造”,reproduce意为“复制,繁殖”,design意为“设计”,report意为“报告”。duplicate与reproduce的含义相近,故答案为8。   15.A。本题考查名词。题干:这个国家由于纷争四分五裂。划线单词strife的意思是“冲突,纷争”,四个选项中conflict意为“冲突,矛盾”,poverty意为“贫穷”,war意为“战争”,economy意为“经济”。 strife与conflict含义相同,故选A。 ;